One of the cannier inventions of the movie world in the last decade or so is The Black List, set up by Franklin Leonard, at the time a junior executive at Leonardo DiCaprio's production company Appian Way. Appropriating the name from one of Hollywood's greatest shames (the banning from work of professionals — mostly screenwriters — with communist leanings during the '50s and '60s) for good, with the intention of highlighting the best unmade scripts from Hollywood, Leonard polled executives for the best things they'd read that year, launching the first list in 2005.
Over the years, The Black List has launched several major scripts into production, and helped to give major boosts to writers both new and old, while Leonard recently launched a new version of the site that enables aspiring writers to have their work read by industry professionals, and hopefully bought up. But it's the annual list that is still the big draw, and the eighth should be announced very, very soon.
So with that in mind, we thought it'd be interesting to look over the top 10 scripts from each past year, and work out what happened to the films that placed high on each one. Some went on to win Oscars, some were barely heard of again, and most landed somewhere in between. It's clear from looking over the lists that a high placement on the Black List is no guarantee of success, but we're still grateful that it exists as a showcase of new talent, and we're excited about seeing this year's batch. While you wait, take a look at where previous winners and runners up are now.
1. "Things We Lost In The Fire" – Allan Loeb
Drama about a grieving widow who falls into a romance with her late husband's no-good best friend. Filmed in 2007 by Susanna Bier, with Benicio Del Toro and Halle Berry, but mostly overshadowed on release.
2. "Juno" – Diablo Cody
You might have heard of this one. A sparky, moving teen comedy directed by Jason Reitman, that went on to pick up multiple Oscar nominations, including winning Cody an Oscar.
3. "Lars And The Real Girl" – Nancy Oliver
Comedy-drama about a disturbed young man convinced he's in a relationship with a doll. Shot in 2007 by Craig Gillespie, starring Ryan Gosling, and became a modest little indie success, picking up an Oscar nomination for writer Nancy Oliver.
4. "Only Living Boy in New York" – Allan Loeb
The first of the initial batch not to make it to the screens, this is a coming-of-age tale from the omnipresent Loeb ("The Dilemma," "Here Comes The Boom"), about a New York college student who discovers his father is having an affair, only to fall for the same woman. Seth Gordon ("Horrible Bosses") was attached to it for a while, with Logan Lerman linked to star, but more recently, Marc Webb came on to direct, though if it happens, it won't be til after his "Spider-Man" sequel
5. "Charlie Wilson's War" – Aaron Sorkin
Released in 2007, directed by Mike Nichols, and starring Tom Hanks, Julia Roberts, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Amy Adams and Emily Blunt.
6. "The Kite Runner" – David Benioff
Directed by Marc Forster, the adaptation of Khaled Hosseini's best-selling Afghanistan-set novel made it to theaters in 2007. It picked up decent reviews, but didn't make much of an impact otherwise.
7. "Fanboys" – Adam Goldberg
This long-delayed comedy about a group of nerdy friends who accompany their terminally ill best friend on a mission to break into Lucasfilm to see 'The Phantom Menace" before he dies suffered from Harvey Weinstein's interference (he tried to cut the terminal illness out), and finally slunk into theaters in 2009, without many noticing.
8. "The Power Of Duff" – Stephen Belber
Written by playwright Stephen Belber ("Tape"), this comedy-drama about a TV news anchor grieving from his father's death, who finds his prayers becoming answered, was set back in 2005 to reteam Russell Crowe and Ron Howard. The film never happened, but Belber revived it as a play this summer, with a brief run starring Greg Kinnear and Jennifer Westfeldt.
9. "Against All Enemies" – Jamie Vanderbilt
An adaptation of the memoirs by counter-terrorism czar Richard A. Clarke, peaking behind the curtain of the war on terror, the script (from "Zodiac" scribe Vanderbilt) was initially set to be Paul Haggis' follow-up to "Crash," with Sean Penn and Vince Vaughn coming on board. But it was killed when Penn vehicle "All The King's Men" died, and while Robert Redford tried to revive it a year later, it was unsuccessful
10. "A Killing On Carnival Row" – Travis Beacham
A noirish murder-mystery set in a steampunk fantasy city, this script swiftly attracted the attention of Guillermo Del Toro, and then Neil Jordan, but never made it into production. Tarsem came on board last year to helm, so we may yet see, while writer Beacham reteamed with Del Toro for next year's mega-blockbuster "Pacific Rim."
1. "The Brigands Of Rattleborge" – S. Craig Zahler
A Western about a group of robbers who use a torrential rain storm as cover to rob a small town, this was picked up by Warner Bros, but never moved forward. It's had a new lease of life of late, though, with "Oldboy" helmer Park Chan-Wook set to direct for Red Granite Pictures, while Zahler is soon to make his directorial debut with another Western, "Bone Tomahawk," with Kurt Russell, Peter Sarsgaard, Richard Jenkins and Timothy Olyphant
2. "State Of Play"
Making it to the screen in 2009 with rewrites from Tony Gilroy and Billy Ray, this remake of the acclaimed BBC miniseries starred Russell Crowe, Ben Affleck, Rachel McAdams and Helen Mirren, and was directed by Kevin Macdonald. It was a fair shake at the masterful original, but proved a box office flop.
3. "Rendition" – Kelley Sane
Released the following year, Gavin Hood directed this war-on-terror thriller, which starred Reese Witherspoon, Jake Gyllenhaal, Meryl Streep and Alan Arkin, most of whom were miscast.
4. "Villain" – Josh Zetumer
A taut, contained thriller about two brothers confronting their dark past out in the wilderness, "Villain" got writer Josh Zetumer lots of work (including "Robocop"), but didn't have much traction until recently, when "30 Days Of Night" director David Slade came on to direct.
5. "The Grackle" – MIke Arnold & Chris Poole
Following a Southern barfly who helps locals settle legal disputes with his fists, this comedy attracted the attention of New Line, Matthew McConaughey and David O Russell, but as yet, hasn't made it to the starting line.
6. "These City Walls" – Brad Caleb Kane
Brad Kane was a child actor who provided the singing voice of Disney's "Aladdin" before moving into screenwriting. This one, an ensemble piece about a pimp in 1980s New York, was his calling card, and had Antoine Fuqua attached to direct at one point.
7. "Last Man Home" – Jamie Moss
Moss, whose credits include "Street Kings" and "X-Men First Class," broke through with his actioner about a U.S. military unit looking for a missing solider just before the 2003 Iraq War breaks out. Ron Howard was attached to direct at the time, but it never moved any further forward.
8. "Untitled Richard Pryor " – Brad Caleb Kane
Kane's second script on the list that year, this biopic of the legendary comedian was set to reteam "Dreamgirls" director and star Bill Condon and Eddie Murphy at one point, but never quite came together. Kane's still a hot property, though; he's a writer/producer on "Fringe," and most recently worked on the aborted "Daredevil" reboot.
9. "Seven Pounds" – Grant Nieporte
Another one shot in 2007, this was directed by Gabriele Muccino, and starred Will Smith. Yep, it's the one where he kills himself with a jellyfish.
10. "Himelfarb" – Andrew Mogel & Jarrod Paul
A comedy from the writers of JIm Carrey vehicle "Yes Man," this follows an oddball who falls in love with a woman on their first date, and turns up at her house for Thanksgiving. It sold to Warner Bros, but never moved forward.
1. "Recount" – Danny Strong
Shot by Jay Roach as an HBO movie later that year, starring Kevin Spacey, Denis Leary, Tom Wilkinson and Laura Dern, "Recount" won three Emmys. Strong later penned "Game Change" and next year's Lee Daniels movie "The Butler"
2. "Farragut North" – Beau Willimon
Retitled "The Ides Of March," this adaptation of Willimon's own play reached screens last year directed by George Clooney, and starring Ryan Gosling, winning Willimon an Oscar nod. He's now working on David Fincher's "House of Cards" series.
3. "Passengers" – Jon Spaihts
A sci-fi about a lone man accidentally woken up on a hundred-year space journey, this attracted the attention of Keanu Reeves, who hired "Seven Pounds" director Gabriele Muccino to direct. It's not yet happened, but may still be brewing. Spaihts, meanwhile, penned the first draft of what became "Prometheus," and is currently working on "The Mummy" reboot.
4. "Infiltrator" – Josh Zetumer
Zetumer returned to the list with this spy thriller, an assignment for Leonardo DiCaprio's Appian Way company, about an embedded British spy in the IRA in the 1990s. DiCaprio was also set to star, but it's yet to go before cameras
5. "Selma" – Paul Webb
Following Martin Luther King on the famous Selma civil rights march, this script came within a breath of being directed by Lee Daniels, with David Oyelowo, Hugh Jackman, Liam Neeson, Lenny Kravitz and Robert De Niro involved. But financing collapsed at the last minute, though Oyelowo said earlier this year that he hopes the film will rack up again.
6. "Curveball" – Steven Knight
A based-in-fact thriller about the faulty information that led to the war on Iraq, this thriller from "Eastern Promises" writer Steven Knight never got any talent publicly attached to it. But Knight's working with Focus, who snapped the earlier script up, at the moment on similarly topical subject matter, with thriller "Closed Circuit" due for release next August.
7. "I Want To Fuck Your Sister" – Melissa Stack
Comedy about a man whose sister does an internship at his company, only for every single man to try and bed her. Given the title, it's not surprising that it's yet to move forward, but Stack's had other gigs, including a Jennifer Aniston comedy called "Pumas" and a "First Wives Club"-type comedy at Fox.
8. "The Road" – Joe Penhall
Shot by John Hillcoat, and released in 2009, this adaptation of Cormac McCarthy's brutal apocalyptic novel starred Viggo Mortensen and Charlize Theron.
9. "The Way Back" – Nat Faxon & Jim Rash
Initially lost in development hell, this script got a second lease of life when Faxon & Rash (stars of TV comedies "Ben & Kate" and "Community") won an Oscar for "The Descendants" earlier this year. Now retitled "The Way Way Back," the coming-of-age story is directed by the writers, stars Steve Carell, Toni Colette and Sam Rockwell, and will premiere at Sundance.
10. "This Side Of The Truth" – Matt Robinson
Co-directed by Robinson and Ricky Gervais, this fantastical comedy was retitled "The Invention of Lying," aseembled an amazing comedy cast, and went on to screw the pooch entirely; it's a textbook example of how to let down a good script in execution.
1. "The Beaver" – Kyle Killen
Initially linked to Steve Carell, the film was eventually directed by Jodie Foster, starring Mel Gibson as the depressive who becomes controlled by his therapeutic beaver puppet. But the film was released not long after Gibson's racist phone calls were leaked, and it died at the box office as a result.
2. "The Oranges" – Jay Reiss & Ian Helfer
Premiering at TIFF in 2011, this indie comedy was directed by TV helmer Julian Farino, with Hugh Laurie, Leighton Meester, Catherine Keener, Allison Janney and Oliver Platt among the cast. But word was lukewarm, and it only slunk into theaters this October.
3. "Butter" – Jason Micallef
Boy, not a great year for the Black LIst , this one. "Butter" became a hot property, and the political satire was unveiled by the Weinstein Company at TIFF in 2011, directed by British helmer Jim Field-Smith, with the cast including Jennifer Garner, Ty Burrell, Hugh Jackman, Olivia Wilde and Rob Corddry. Curiously, it hit theaters the same day as "The Oranges," and actually did worse — taking only $100K to the other film's $300K.
4. "Big Hole" – Michael Gilio
A modern day Western about an elderly WW2 vet-turned-rancher who sets off in search of a man who ripped him off. Gore Verbinski attached himself to direct, but it never moved forward.
5. "The Low Dweller" – Brad Inglesby
Initially eyed by Ridley Scott and Leonardo DiCaprio, the film finally got before cameras this year, under the new title "Out Of The Furnace." Scott Cooper ("Crazy Heart") directs, with Christian Bale, Casey Affleck, Zoe Saldana, Woody Harrelson, Willem Dafoe, Forest Whitaker and Sam Shepard among the excellent cast. Ingelsby's latest script, "Hold On To Me," will shoot next year with Robert Pattinson and Carey Mulligan
6. "Fuckbuddies" – Liz Meriwether
A genuinely funny comedy about sex friends, "Fuckbuddies" was gutted, had the edges filed down and PG-13ified to become terrible Natalie Portman/Ashton Kutcher comedy "No Strings Attached." Don't weep too much for Liz Meriwether though; she's the creator and showrunner of hit Tv sitcom "New Girl"
7. "Winter's Discontent" – Paul Fruchbom
A comedy about a sexully frustrated 70something in a retirement home, Paul Fruchbom's script was picked up by Columbia back in 2008, and Larry Charles came on to direct the next year, but it never seemed to get any further
8. "Broken City" – Brian Tucker
Thought by many to be too dark to ever get made, "Chinatown"-esque noir "Broken City" finally hits theaters next month, with Mark Wahlberg, Russell Crowe, Kyle Chandler and Catherine Zeta-Jones starring in a film directed by Allen Hughes. Will it have been toned down? We'll find out in a few weeks.
9. "I'm With Cancer" – Will Reiser
After a difficult production — director Nicole Holofcener and star James McAvoy dropped out — this comedy, eventually retitled "50/50," and based on Reiser's real-life experiences, went before cameras thanks to director Jonathan Levine, and stars Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Seth Rogen and Anna Kendrick. It was well reviewed, but had disappointing box office.
10. "Our Brand Is Crisis" – Peter Straughan
A remake of the 2005 documentary about U.S. campaign consultants at work in the Bolivian presidential election of 2002, this was set up at George Clooney's Smoke House, with "Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy" writer Peter Straughan, who also penned "The Men Who Stared At Goats" for Clooney, penning the script. There's been no word since it was originally announced, but as "Argo" proved, there's always a chance it could come back around.
1. "The Muppet Man" – Christopher Weekes
A surprise winner, this was a biopic of the Muppets creator Jim Henson that attracted the attention of people like Jim Carrey, Leonardo DiCaprio and Hugh Jackman. But the Jim Henson Company, who bought up the script, had problems with the approach, and it's likely to remain unmade. Weekes is currently working on "Ponzi's Scheme" for Milos Forman.
2. "The Social Network" – Aaron Sorkin
Directed by David Fincher. About Facebook. Won some awards. You probably haven't heard of it.
3. "The Voices" – Michael Perry
A dark comedy about a man who kills his girlfriend, and starts to take advice from his cat and dog on how to cover it up, this was at one time set to be directed by Mark Romanek, and star Ben Stiller. More recently, "Persepolis" helmer Marjane Satrapi took over, with Ryan Reynolds circling. Shooting may get underway early next year. Perry went on to write "Paranormal Activity 2" and short lived found footage series "The River."
4. "Prisoners" – Aaron Guzikowski
A dark revenge thriller about the father of a kidnapped child who takes the law into his own hands, this has had one of the more tortured development histories of any Black List film. Initially intended to team Bryan Singer, Mark Wahlberg and Christian Bale, it soon got a shake up, with Antoine Fuqua replacing Singer, and Hugh Jackman coming in instead of Wahlberg. Financing couldn't come together (though Leonardo DiCaprio was briefly interested), but more recently, "Incendies" helmer Denis Villeneuve came on, and after Michael Fassbender turned it down, Jackman returned to the film. Jake Gyllenhaal, Paul Dano, Melissa Leo and Viola Davis joined him, and the film finally got behind cameras this year, with a September release date set by Warner Bros.
5. "Cedar Rapids" – Phil Johnston
Helmed by Miguel Arteta, this comedy premiered to middling reviews at Sundance in 2011, starring Ed Helms, John C Reilly, Anne Heche and Sigourney Weaver. Johnston went on to write "Wreck-It Ralph" for Disney, and is developing TV pilot "Harve Karbo" with the Coen Brothers.
6. "Londongrad" – David Scarpa
The story of Russian spy Alexander Litvinenko, killed by radiation poisoning in London in 2006, has been in the works for sometime, initially attracting the attention of Mike Newell. About a year ago, it moved forward, with Rupert Wyatt and Michael Fassbender circling the film at Warner Bros, but no firm news has followed since.
7. "L.A. Rex" – Will Beall
Ex-cop Will Beall adapted his own first novel for this script, a pitch-black thriller about two cop coming up against Mexican gangs. Scott Rudin snapped it up, but it's never got made, though Beall remains hot stuff; he penned "Gangster Squad," worked on "Logan's Run," did a "Lethal Weapon" reboot, and is currently writing "Justice League."
8. "Desperados" – Ellen Rapoport
A "Hangover"-style comedy about a group of female friends who head to Mexico to delete an email from a man in a coma (don't ask…), this was set up at Universal, with Isla Fisher to star and "The Sarah Silverman Program" helmer Wayne McClammy directing. But "Bridesmaids" got the push from the studio in its place, and Fisher ended up having to settle for "Bachelorette."
9. "The Gunslinger" – John Hlavin
Another contemporary neo-Western, about the vengeance-seeking brother of a Texas Ranger tortured to death, this was snapped up by Warner Bros, with James Mangold attached to direct, and Josh Brolin rumored for a role. It's not moved further forward, but Hlavin's been busy, writing "Underworld Awakening," "Risk" for Will Smith and Robert Ludlum adaptation "The Janson Directive."
10. "By Way Of Helena" – Matthew Cook
This thriller, about a Texas Ranger and his wife sent to a town where bodies from Mexico are washing up on a riverbank, ticked along quietly for a while at Mandeville Films, before landing Australian director Kieran Darcy-Smith ("Wish You Were Here") a few months back. Cook also wrote cop thriller "Triple Nine" for John Hillcoat.
1. "College Republicans" – Wes Jones
A comedy about the frat years of Karl Rove and Lee Atwater, this was set to be directed by Richard Linklater, with first Shia LaBeouf, and then Paul Dano, attached to play Rove. It didn't progress, though, and LInklater hinted earlier in the year that he, at least, was less interested in the film than he was before.
2. "Jackie" – Noah Oppenheim
A biopic of Jacqueline BouvierKennedy/Onassis, focusing on the immediate aftermath of JFK's death, by former news show staffer Noah Oppenheim, "Jackie" initially attracted to the attention of HBO and Steven Spielberg, before Darren Aronofsky considered making it his next film after "Black Swan," and bringing in his wife Rachel Weisz to star. As their relationship fell apart, so did the film, but it got a new lease of life recently as Natalie Portman was offered the title role, though no director is currently attached.
3. "All You Need Is Kill" – Dante Harper
A "Groundhog Day"-style sci-fi actioner about an endlessly-reincarnating solider in an alien war, this has been a high-priority project at Warners for a while. Sam Raimi was among those considered to direct before Doug Liman got the job, and then Brad Pitt and Ryan Gosling were courted for the lead until Tom Cruise signed on. Emily Blunt, Charlotte Riley and Bill Paxton joined him, shooting's underway now, and it'll hit theaters on March 14th 2014.
4. "Safe House" – David Guggenheim
This spy actioner starring Denzel Washington and Ryan Reynolds was a bit hit for Universal earlier in the year, and a sequel is now in development, with Guggenheim again writing the script
5. "Stoker" – Wentworth Miller
At one point looking likely to star Carey Mulligan, Colin Firth and Jodie Foster, this Hitchcockian melodrama now has Mia Wasikowska, Matthew Goode and Nicole Kidman, and marks the English-language debut of the great Park Chan-Wook. It premieres at Sundance in January, and it looks fucking awesome.
6. "Triple Nine" – Matt Cook
A hard boiled cop-thriller about a group of crooked officers planning a heist, who plan to shoot a fellow officer as part of their plan, this swiftly attracted the attention of John Hillcoat, who hoped to use it as a way to reteam with Shia LaBoeuf. Chris Pine and Jeff Bridges were loosely involved at one stage, but all three have fallen off, LaBeouf most recently. Still, Hillcoat told us recently he's hoping to shoot the film in the spring, so casting should be forthcoming.
7. "Margin Call" – J.C. Chandor
A drama set against the backdrop of financial collapse, this was one of the big hits of Sundance 2011, thanks to an ensemble cast including Zachary Quinto, Kevin Spacey, Jeremy Irons and more. Chandor, who also directed, won a Oscar nomination for the script, and is following it up with survival drama "All Is Lost" starring Robert Redford
8. "American Bullshit" – Eric Warren Singer
Based on a true story of a conman hired to head up an investigation into congressional corruption, this was considered by Ben Affleck before he took on "Argo," but ended up as a David O. Russell joint; the film shoots early next year with Christian Bale, Bradley Cooper, Amy Adams and Jeremy Renner all involved. Read what Russell told us about the project here.
9. "Argo" – Chris Terrio
Instead of "American Bullshit," Affleck directed and starred in this, and as you might have noticed, it picked up rave reviews, made $100 million at the box office, and could win Terrio an Oscar.
10. "The Last Son Of Isaac Lemay" – Greg Johnson
A Western about an outlaw trying to wipe out all his descendants, this curious-sounding script is set up at Gore Verbinski's production company Blind Wink, but no other details have emerged on either the script or Johnson in the intervening couple of years.
1. "The Imitation Game" – Graham Moore
This biopic of tragic computer pioneer Alan Turing initially had David Yates and Leonardo DiCaprio sniffing round it, though neither ever properly committed. "The Disappearance Of Alice Creed" helmer J Blakeson signed on instead, but Warner Bros dropped the project, and Blakeson fell off. Last week, however, "Headhunters" director Morten Tyldum came on board. Moore's now working on "The Devil and the White City" for DiCaprio
2. "When The Street Lights Go On" – Chris Hutton, Eddie O'Keefe
A "Stand By Me"-ish poetic tale of a small town grappling with the murder of a young girl, this script had Drew Barrymore circling to direct for a while, but more recently, Anonymous Content set documentary maker Brett Morgen ("The Kid Stays In The Picture") to helm the project.
3. "Chewie" – Evan Susser, Van Robichaux
A comedy abut the making of "Star Wars" seen through the eyes of Chewbacca actor Peter Mayhew, this got picked up by Inferno Entertainment, with "Fanboys" helmer Kyle Newman branching out as director. But given Disney's recent purchase of "Star Wars" we'd be surprised if it ever got made. Susser and Robichaux are now working on TV pilot "How To Grow Up" for ABC.
4. "The Outsider" – Andrew Baldwin
A post-WW2 thriller about an American POW who rises through the ranks of the yakuza in Japan, this intriguing-sounding thriller wasinitially picked up by Warner Bros, with "Safe House" director Daniel Espinosa attached, and Michael Fassbender linked to the lead role. Silver Pictures took it from Warners last month, with Tom Hardy now interested in the project. With the heat off the film, Baldwin wrote a draft of "Logan's Run," and is now working on actioner "Bastille Day" for Pierre Morel.
5. "Father Daughter Time: A Tale Of Armed Robbery And Eskimo Kisses" – Matthew Aldrich
This "Paper Moon" style comedy-drama about a father and daughter on the run from the law was acquired by Warner Bros, who bought it for Matt Damon to star in, and possibly direct. Damon opted to make "Promised Land" instead (though dropped out of directing), but maybe this will turn out to be his debut behind the camera in the end anyway? Aldrich also penned "The Grace That Keeps This World," with James Franco and Brit Marling.
6. "In The Event Of A Moon Disaster" – Mike Jones
Penned by a former Variety staffer, who also worked on Henry Selick's aborted Disney movie and a new film of "Popeye," this reimagines the Apollo 11 mission and considers what would have happened if disaster had struck. FilmNation picked the script up, though there's been no movement on it. Jones is currently working on a secret script called "Second Act" for Alexander Payne.
7. "The Current War" – Michael Mitnick
The story of the battle between Thomas Edison and George Westinghouse to produce the first stable electric current, this had an unlikely duo of talent circling it a while back: Timur Bekmambetov was considering directing, and Sacha Baron Cohen apparently wanted to play Edison. There's been no solid news since, but the film is set up at Steve Zaillian's Film Rites company.
8. "Maggie" – John Scott III
A reinvention of the zombie movie that follows a daughter of a rural family as she slowly falls victim to a virus, "Maggie"'s been doing the rounds for a while, but landed a cast back in May, with Chloe Moretz and Paddy Considine reported as being interested. The September start date didn't materialize, so it's unclear if they're still involved, but Scott is busy regardless, penning two big sci-fi projects, "Otherland" and "The Caves Of Steel."
9. "The End" – Aron Eli Coleite
An apocalyptic ensemble piece about four people across the globe waiting for an extinction-level event, this script from former "Heroes" writer Aron Eli Coleite is set up at Warner Bros, though with no talent attached as far as we know. He's been busy since; writing "Hellbent" for New Regency, "When First We Were Gods" for Lionsgate, and TV series "Trooper," starring Mira Sorvino, for TNT and Jerry Bruckheimer.
10. "Beyond The Pale" – Chad Feehan
A thriller, based on a novel called "Twilight" (not that one…) with echoes of "The Night Of The Hunter," about two young siblings pursued by a fearsome local undertaker. It's not set up anywhere, as far as we can tell, but it did get Feehan the gig writing "Paranormal Activity 4."