As the buying frenzy for Sundance 2013 begins — bolstered by the unexpected Oscar nominations for last year's grand jury prize-winner "Beasts of the Southern Wild" — let's look at what happened to the rest of the 2012 acquisitions. Last year, the prices for top films fell a bit below 2011, after several high-profile acquisitions underperformed. For the 2012 slate, that caution seems to have paid off, with fewer clear losses even though break-out hits were few. (See our Sundance 2012 section by section release charts below.)
About 100 of last year's 114 films will eventually have had some sort of theatrical, video on demand, cable, PBS and/or DVD release (in a handful of cases self-distributed). The theatrical component of these films fell from around $90 million for the 2011 slate to around $75 million for last year's (a handful of films still await their theatrical debuts). Most of that gap comes from no film having grossed over $12 million. Last year, Weinstein's acquisition "Our Idiot Brother" went wide and grossed almost $25 million.
This year, only two films reached $11 million: CBS' badly reviewed "The Words" (which took 2,800 theaters on the basis of Bradley Cooper's perceived marquee value) and "Beasts," which Fox Searchlight successfully nurtured on a much smaller scale with considerably less advertising to almost as big a gross.
Overall, business was spread around more films – 13 grossed over $1.5 million, which is the low end for a specialized film, compared to 11 from the 2011 line-up. But 2012 marked a huge delivery seachange that will yield more the profits for the Sundance slate.
Video on Demand, already a key factor among 2011 releases; Lionsgate/Roadside Attraction's "Margin Call" was the biggest success after its Sundance premiere, but Magnolia's "Melancholia" also did well among non-Sundance films. Cose to a quarter of the 2012 films in release were made available on various Video on Demand outlets – cable, Itunes, Hulu, even filmmakers' own web sites – concurrent with or before their theatrical openings. Eight of the 16 films in the Premiere section have gone the VOD route (leading among all Sundance sections), because they tend to have better-known stars and are aimed at a broader audience, while not necessarily justifying wide theatrical play.
Although VOD revenues are not released to the public as readily as theatrical grosses, some success stories have been touted. Lionsgate and Roadside Attractions reteamed for "Arbitrage," from the 2012 Premiere section, which grossed nearly $8 million theatrically despite being unwelcome at most theaters because of its VOD play. But "Arbitrage" brought in around $11 million in the latter formats. For a film whose acquisition cost was reported at around $2 million, and for which much less advertising was required (as well as lesser print and other distribution expenses), this is a major haul.
The Weinsteins launched their Radius VOD division in earnest with acquisitions from the festival and elsewhere last year, launching with their $2 million Sundance Premiere section acqusition, "Bachelorette." More commercial than critics' oriented, it had a minimal, inexpensive theatrical launch (mainly to build to awareness) which grossed under $500,000. But the VOD take was $5.5 million, meaning the film likely (with revenues split with cable and other companies) made its money back from that alone.
Together VOD pioneers IFC and Magnolia account for about a dozen Sundance 2012 films released on VOD, often weeks before (usually limited) theatrical release. None of these grossed more than a million, but being able to get theaters and reviews in New York and Los Angeles (at a minimum) remains a critical element in marketing for both those companies.
Among the films that grossed over $2 million, success depends in large part on the investment. The three standouts in profit were two documentaries as well as a comedy that came from the usually unheralded Next section. Sony Pictures Classics acquired "Searching for Sugar Man" (out of the World Doc section) which could win the Oscar for Feature Documentary, in no small part aided by its $3 million gross which came after a steady run clearly sustained by strong word of mouth (it actually opened to modest grosses).
Magnolia's "Queen of Versailles" (US Docs) skipped VOD and amassed $2.4 million. IFC picked up Mike Birbiglia's Next entry "Sleepwalk With Me," which, backed by a grassroots and filmmaker-appearance campaign–and boosted by promos from the film's producer Ira Glass's "This American Life," had one of the year's biggest opening weekend grosses in New York, before gaining VOD availability a week later. Still, it ended up grossing $2.3 million in theaters. Though the acquisition prices of all of these are not known, each was likely to have been well under $1 million.
For those films with pricier purchase costs, the road was rockier. Millennium bought "Red Lights," from "Buried" director Rodrigo Cortes and starring Robert DeNiro for around a reported $4 million. It struggled to gross $100,000 in theaters. Fox Searchlight put up $6 million– the reported biggest buy of the festival — for "The Sessions" (then called "The Surrogate"), which so far has only grossed $4 million, with significant marketing costs added to the expense.
Sony Pictures Classics paid far less (around $1 million) for "Smashed" (like "The Sessions" in Dramatic Competition), and grossed under a half million. FilmDistrict also put up around a million for "Safety Not Guaranteed," pushed it somewhat wider to around $4 million. Focus' Premiere buy "For a Good Time…" grossed only a bit over a million after a $2-3 million purchase.
Many other films acquired for less should either break even or eventually make profit, including both "Robot and Frank" (acquired by Sony Worldwide, distributed by IDP in the U.S.) and "Celeste and Jesse Forever," both acquired for around $2 million and grossing over $3. But at the levels of theatrical gross shown in the charts below, particularly for films not taking advantage of VOD, it remains a real risk to acquire any film.
Midnight films were a particular disappointment out of last year's crop, at least theatrically. All eight were acquired, four during the festival, mainly for VOD value. But one went straight to DVD, and three others still are awaiting release. For a section that has provided an occassional discovery like "Buried," this was a letdown.
The other section that struggles to gain acquisition attention is World Dramatic Competition. Of last year's 14 films, only three have opened in the U.S., all to under $100,000 grosses. Four more have distributors, but have not yet been released. The other half have gone unclaimed. The section is handicapped by Sundance's January date coming right before three major European festivals — Berlin, Rotterdam and Gothenberg — all of which demand world premieres. The section this year is down to 12 entries, while as recently as 2008 it had 16.
But most eyes will be on the top categories and searching for something that could duplicate the Cinderella story of Hushpuppy and her Louisiana coastal friends. "Beasts" had an unusual deal with Fox Searchlight — reportedly a $2 million minimal marketing guarantee, significant early producer participation in earnings and other considerations to seal the deal. The result not only has been profitable to all involved, and found unexpected Oscar success, but also took the sometimes unusual route of being released less than five months after its premiere (in June) rather than waiting for a relaunch in the fall. This likely helped the theatrical release be more lucrative, but didn't keep it from being noticed at years' end –a lesson likely not to be lost on the companies looking for 2013 awards contenders. And it achieved it the old-fashioned way — by playing theaters for months, not VOD.
Below is a list of all the 2012 Sundance films, by section.
In the title section, those films in bold and underlined were acquired for distribution (usually theatrical, but in a few VOD only). Those few not in bold and not underlined have not been acquired.
After the title, the distributor for the film is listed. In most cases, the films were acquired at or after Sundance. Those acquired before have 0 at the end of the box. Those acquired during Sundance or by the end of January have (+) in the box. In a handful of cases, a broadcaster or cable network is listed as the venue for release. In a few others, two are listed, indicating a partnership. In two cases a film was turned over to a second distributor after the original deal. Though not indicated, for a few films rights were bought for territories beyond the North America, which factors into the ultimate profitability for a purchase.
The grosses are U.S./Canada domestic in most cases ("Monsieur Lazhar," a Canadian film, is U.S. only). Trying to track down international grosses for non-studio wide releases is difficult to impossible.They are in millions. Those that grossed under $100,000 are shown as <.1. "tbr" means "to be released."
In those cases where estimated acquisition price is listed (mainly for sales of $1 million or more), these are based on multiple published reports, but in most cases cannot be confirmed. They are listed in millions.
Those films which had VOD availabilities at the same time as theatrical opening or earlier are noted.