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Review: ‘American Winter’ A Devastating Portrait Of The Erosion Of The Middle Class

Review: ‘American Winter’ A Devastating Portrait Of The Erosion Of The Middle Class

With the nation’s economy continually on a knife’s edge, the past few years has seen the political discourse take a marked shift. Conservative politicians have started to lure voters with an image that they will tighten the wasteful spending in Washington, but for the most part, that has meant targeting social services. Indeed, healthcare, social security and other measures are seen as bloated programs that will sink the country into financial ruin if they aren’t severely overhauled. And all of this is being done in the name of supposedly preserving the middle class, but as the documentaryAmerican Winter” argues, the entire approach is not only wrong headed, it’s only making things worse for the people these policies are supposed to protect.

Filmmakers Joe and Harry Gantz make their argument by turning their cameras to Portland, Oregan and tracking the tales of eight families, who all call the state’s 211 social services hotline, in dire need of help. And it’s eye opening stuff that not only puts a human face on the poverty crisis gripping the country (in 53 years of recorded history, a new record has been set with 48.5 million Americans living in poverty according to the latest data) but it also fundamentally shows that if there is no infrastructure in place to help those who are struggling get back on their feet, it’s actually worse for the economy.

Using a mix of hard facts and personal stories, “American Winter” makes it clear that the structures in place are simply not working. Never mind the fact that it’s actually cheaper in the long run to invest in social programs, all it takes is the story of single mother Shanon to illustrate how fast anyone can fall into hardship. When her 12 year-old daughter had to go to the hospital to deal with a serious stomach ailment that includes 5 ulcers (one of which was bleeding), Shanon was forced to take some time off work. Shanon had insurance, but of course, they refused to cover her for the time she was off caring for her daughter, and now she’s saddled with a staggering $49,000 medical bill (with more on the way for ongoing treatment). How can anyone crawl out from under such a burden? And while some might scoff that Shanon is unlucky, that sometimes that’s just the way things happen, “American Winter” suggests that the effects pass on to the next generation.

Currently, the single greatest factor determining a young person’s future wealth, is how well off their parents were. And if the next generation isn’t given a fair shot at upward mobility, how does the country expect have a healthy class of citizens who can participate in the economy? And as venture capitalist Nick Hanauer points out, the deregulated business world and the emphasis on trickle down economics that currently exists, has failed to live up to its promise. While corporations are raking in record profits, it has simply not translated into the high paying jobs that both politicians and corporate interests have said they would. Instead, we’ve seen minimum wage stagnate and full time jobs a scarcity, but as Hanauer explains the solution is simple: raise wages and create jobs, and you will enable people to buy products from your company, keep you profitable all while enabling the economy to thrive.

In case it’s not clear, “American Winter” comes from a specifc, biased and unapologetic viewpoint, but it’s also the kind of argument that’s needed right now. Watching the 50 year old John, 3 years unemployed and father to a young son with Down’s Syndrome, weep on camera because he had to borrow money from his parents to pay the electric bill, it’s bracing and raw. When Paula goes to the food bank for the first time, and is overwhelmed by the fact that her situation has forced her to take such measures or when single mom Jeanette tries make a promise to her young son Gunner that they will find a place to live, it puts a new perspective on those who are traditionally associated/stereotyped as being on social services. Everyone in “American Winter” has been working, are raising families, and doing everything they can (Dierdre gives blood and goes scrapping on weekends just for extra money) to make ends meet. They are not the vultures of the system that certain political segments like to paint as living on taxpayer money.

But it’s perhaps Bishop C.T. Wells of Portland Community Services who gets to the heart of just how far in a wrong direction things are headed. As he rightly notes, there was a time when Americans valued the fact that everyone would be taken care of. That friend, neighbor or stranger, if someone was struggling, there was a helping hand to reach out to them and it was something the country was proud of. But the rhetoric has changed so dramatically, that the compassion once inherent in the fabric of the nation’s core beliefs — and arguably one of best unofficial exports to the world in terms of America’s identity — has now been stripped to a mentality where everyone is left to fight on their own.

There is no doubt that “American Winter” wears its politics very much on its sleeve, and if you already side with where the Gantz brothers are coming from, it will be a sobering 90 minutes that reinforces those feelings. But even if you arrive skeptically to the documentary, the arguments are too compelling to ignore, for no matter where you stand, the remaining question that lingers is whether or not this current winter of personal, financial and even spiritual malaise from coast to coast will ever find a thaw. [B]

“American Winter” airs tonight on HBO at 9 PM.

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kirk lentz

keep voting for the democrats!

Lisa S.

Oh, what a crock of crap! No of the facts about businesses or "trickle down" need a damn. If you have ever worked for a "social service" organization, you would know that there is so much fraud it is unreal, but the government really doesn’t care. I would rather see those like the working poor be able to get more services. The way TANF and cash assistance works now is that once you get a job, all of your services are reduced, so you are no better off. There is no incentive for those on welfare to become independent or learn a skill! Quit giving them subsidies for LIFE and there might be a way to change the system! Those who are working, should be able to keep services at a status quo for a period of time to be able to save and get ahead! Until the damn government quits handing out $ like candy and is serious about getting people back to work, nothing will change. My theory is, they want Americans to depend on the government so they can control every aspect of our lives! This is socialist propaganda and nothing more!

Lucas Ciapetta

The minimum wage adjusted for inflation in the 1960's was around $18!!!
The bailouts of 2007 and 2008 benefited the same companies that heavily lobby the government. Give the taxpayers back our money!

Wall street has doubled its money between 2008 and 2014 and is not taxed at all! While the workers who are struggling to feed families and get medical care are taxed on basic necessities.

Dr. Iktesh Pradeep

This part is the EXACT REASON why you should NOT make the government in charge of caring for people:

"there was a time when Americans valued the fact that everyone would be taken care of. That friend, neighbor or stranger, if someone was struggling, there was a helping hand to reach out to them and it was something the country was proud of."

Obama has 50 MILLION people on disability, 10 MILLION on disability, and countless other "victim classes" of people who waller in self-pity. Governor Rick Scot of Florida signed a law requiring DRUG-TESTING in order to get freebies from taxpayers but a liberal judge ruled it unfair because it discriminates against people who do drugs (although the judicial opinion gave a less direct, much lengthier wall of text essentially saying the same thing)!

Mary Grace

You idiots act like a living wage means having an ipad, checks from the gubment, section 8 housing, and foodstamps. Go visit the philippines for a week you pathetic liberals who want to smooch off those who work hard!


American Winter echoes the book by David K Shipler from several years back called "The Working Poor" and shows how quickly the rug gets pulled out from under families when there is no ability to earn a living wage. As the venture capitalist interviewed in the film points out, the theory that keeping the rich richer, will in turn create good jobs for the middle class, is just a pipe dream in today's America. The fact that you can't shame them into maintaining the social safety nets either shows how far we have fallen.

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