Chika Anadu’s debut feature film, B For Boy, is in competition in the London Film Festival’s first feature section. Having delivered two ambitious and acclaimed short films on a similar subject, Chika has delivered an incredibly bold, strong film about what it means to be a woman in modern day Nigeria. Her feature film is wonderfully ambitious, for which she deserves credit and applause as an emerging screenwriter and producer, and she shows great promise as a director. Chika is an unashamed feminist and her film is a morality tale that will only help to propagate arguments for women’s independence and liberation.
Chika met with Women and Hollywood to talk about the film and her experiences as a female film director.
WaH: Can you give us a brief synopsis of your film?
Chika Anadu: B for Boy is a contemporary drama set in Nigeria, about one
woman’s desperate need for a male child.
It explores the discrimination of women in the names of culture and
WandH: You wrote, produced and directed this film which is your first feature.
Can you talk to us a little about the journey and the challenges?
CA: I’ve always loved films. Since
childhood, I’ve always seen things that no one around me could see – now I
understand that is part of being a cinematographer. But it never occurred to me to actually to be
a filmmaker or make films for a living, because there was nothing around me in
Nigeria when I was growing up to make me think of becoming a filmmaker. If you can’t see it, you can’t be it.
The epiphany for me was watching Cinema Paradiso. A light bulb went on in my head and
everything changed for me. I knew that I
wanted to be a filmmaker. I tried to
work on other people’s projects, but I couldn’t find anyone I wanted to work
with – I have a certain aesthetic. Then
someone gave me some really good advice – they asked if I’d written anything
and they told me to just shoot it. That’s
how I came to make my two short films.
I’d only been making films for three months when I dared apply to the
Cinefondation residency. I won Focus
Features’ Africa First prize when I was in Paris and I was already working on
the script for B for Boy. It was
all very quick. That is, until I started
to look for funding.
WaH: What do you think the issues were with funding? Why do you think it was difficult to fund
I guess there are issues because I am a woman, I am Nigerian and it was
my first feature. But I’d say it’s
mostly the inexperience – no matter how lauded your shorts might be, features
are a different ball game. It’s a catch
22 – nobody wants to give you any money until you have the experience, but how
are you going to get any experience without any money? I am lucky to come from a family that had
some spare change and this film was funded by my family and the family of my
WaH: There are several tensions in the film – the modern vs
traditional, the urban vs rural, male v female.
Can you talk us through these tensions and the themes of the film?
CA: In this story I was interested in exploring two main themes – first, the
uneasy coexistence of modern and traditional culture in Nigeria. A woman is encouraged to go as far as she can
with her education, to get a great job and do well, but it all means nothing if
you’re not married and if you don’t have children and, in Nigeria, if you don’t
have a male child.
And the second theme is that many of the injustices against women are
perpetrated and sustained by other women – the victims become the victimizers,
if you like. I’ve always found that
fascinating. It’s almost anger at other
women for balking at the trend and trying to go a different way.
When it comes to the tension between male and female, I was just
thinking in terms of female. I’m many
things, but the main thing about me, the thing that I can’t get away from, is
being a woman. It effects
WaH: Could you talk a little bit about the character of Ijeoma, the
seven year old daughter of Amaka, and what she represents for you?
CA: Ijeoma is the future – she is the possibility of what could be in 20
or 30 years. She could be in her mother’s
position – her mother has only one child.
She could have the same challenges as her mother. Amaka’s decision to stand up to her mother-in-law
is designed to protect her daughter’s future.
Somebody has to stop the cycle of abuse and Amaka will do it for the
sake of her daughter.
WaH: There’s a very powerful line in there, the mother in law says – “There’s
something wrong with your womb. You’re
evil. You are a man.” Can you tell us what that line means to you?
CA: The essence of being a woman is to reproduce. In my culture if you don’t reproduce, by
choice or otherwise, you are not a woman and you’ll be called a man – which is
an insult. It’s ironic, of course, given
that men have it much better than women in Nigeria and in most places in the
world, but to call a woman a man is to insult her.
WaH: Were there many women on your crew? As a woman, did you have any difficulty
leading the crew?
CA: With regard to my cinematographer, right from the beginning I wanted to work
with a woman. There are so few female
DOPs and I felt that I wanted to
employer her – we women need to employ each other and help each other. It just so happened that she was perfect – I
saw her work and we share a similar aesthetic.
Even though there were many women working on my film, the balance was
still towards men. Perhaps I was lucky,
but I didn’t have any issue with the crew.
My crew was pretty young and they are more relaxed and feel less
threatened than a more experienced crew.
WaH: Your cast is heavily
female and the lead character, Amaka, is a true protagonist, the driving force
of the story and the centre of almost every scene. How did you find Uche Nwadili?
CA: Uche was brought to me by the actress who plays the mother in law,
who acted in my short film. Immediately I
loved her face – it was so expressive.
I put Uche and the actors who play Joy and Nonso into acting classes
with a Nigerian acting teacher. He did
workshops with them because our theatrical tradition is overly dramatic – we
don’t have the same acting skills that are required for film and I had to
regularly ask for things to be toned down.
But Uche was amazing – she could give me any emotion I needed for the
WaH: Without giving too much away, can you tell us about the film’s
CA: The films I love the most don’t give you everything, you have to use
your imagination. I like to use a still
camera and allow the action to come in and out of the frame. When things go quiet, that’s when things are really
In terms of Uche’s character, from being the abused, she becomes an
abuser. She’s perpetuating the cycle and
it won’t end because nobody is willing to take a stand. Even Amaka, with her education and money, she
can’t take a stand.
WaH: Do you have any advice to share with other female directors
hoping to shoot their first feature?
CA: Don’t be afraid to take a chance.
There will always be naysayers.
If this is your first feature you need to be bold and go
crazy – just do it. It is important for
people to see who you are as a filmmaker.
Be true to yourself, be bold.
WaH: What is the biggest misconception about you and your work?
CA: I guess it’s that I’m trying to fight something or someone by
writing about women. I’m always asked,
Why are you a feminist? It’s an
accusation. It’s always the first question
at a public showing and I always give the same answer: Yes – I am a feminist. I don’t know what it means to you but I know
what it means to me, and I think women should have equal opportunities. I’m not fighting anything, I’m just living my
life the way I want to live it.
WandH: Can you name a woman director who has influenced you and your
CA: Susanne Bier – she is amazing, even way before I became a filmmaker
I was fascinated by her study of family.
Londoners, you still have another opportunity to see this film. Info here.