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Living Black History on Film: The Remarkable Movies of Solomon Sir Jones

Living Black History on Film: The Remarkable Movies of Solomon Sir Jones

This being the 4th of July holiday weekend, where we
celebrate our country’s history, what better time to reflect on African
American history, which is, of course, the very definition of American history.

In this specific case, African American history, life and
culture as seen through the all embracing and compassing eyes of Solomon Sir Jones.

The Reverend Jones (1869-1936)
was a Baptist minister, who established, or was the pastor of some 15 churches in his lifetime,
a businessman and an avid home movie filmmaker. The son of ex-slaves, he was born
in Tennessee and grew up in the South, before moving to Oklahoma, where he lived
for most of his life. And yet, Jones was quite remarkable for any person, black
or white, in this country, during this period of the early 20th
century – an extraordinary well traveled man.

Not only did he travel throughout the South, but also the
Midwest, the East Coast, Colorado and even overseas, to France, England,
Palestine, Switzerland, Italy, Northern Africa, and Germany. And wherever he went,
during the years 1924-28,  he took his
trusty home movie camera.

And at a time when making home movies was a rare and
unaffordable pastime for the overwhelming majority of Americans, the fact that
a black person was traveling around the U.S., shooting films that captured black life and
society, as well as life and culture in other countries, made the pastor
from Oklahoma a true pioneer, not only as a filmmaker, but also as a sociologist and an
ethnographer.

Though, no doubt, some will look at his films as just simple
home movies, they are, in fact, something else altogether. Jones’ films are, in
effect, similar to the groundbreaking early films of the early 20th
century French filmmaking pioneers, the Lumiere brothers and their crew of
cameramen, who, with their early movie camera invention, shot endless street
scenes, capturing detailed views of life and society at large in France and in other countries.

But there is even deeper dimension to Jones’ films, in
that they are the most extensive film records we have of Southern and urban
black life and culture at the time of rapid
social and cultural change for African-Americans during the 1920’s, the very beginning
of the Great Migration, which transformed not only black people as a whole, but America
itself.

They capture a genuine sense of pride and community, from strong and determined people who faced obstacles they encountered with an absolute assuredness
of identity.

And, of course, keep in mind that Jones captured all
this during a time of extreme segregation, poverty and racism.

Not only are they endlessly fascinating, but they are incredibly
poignant and uplifting, and the most realistic and honest visual entry into a time and place time long ago, that is rapidly fading from memory.

Some years ago, the Jones films, nearly 6 hours worth of
footage, were donated to the Beinecke Rare
Book and Manuscript Library at Yale
University, but, just recently, they have been posted online for anyone to watch
(HERE).

Below are two films from the collection – one of teachers leading their students in exercises and at recess, filmed by
Jones in Tennessee; and the other a collection of scenes from trips to Egypt and
Switzerland.

Take to time to watch
them all. They are a window to a not-so-far away past of ourselves, that is sadly becoming
dimmer every single day.

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Comments

Cassandra

I am going through my old 8mm and it is a look back in time. These movies reminded me a my own family’s photo albums with movement. When I comb through of photos, this is what we looked like.

Brittany

The Solomon Sir Jones collection also contains footage of the Madam C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company and one of Walker's salons.

Alias

Thank you for sharing these remarkable archives and this man's life. Very powerful!

JMac

These are great. The first film reminds me of visits to rural Alabama when I was younger… except for the old timey cars.

Tonny Topaz

good stuff

Ol Skool

Thanks Sergio.

The films are Poignant & Sad.

While watching our early pioneers, soldiers if you will, all gone now, I couldn't help but think of the song "Where Have all The flowers Gone". The home movies of Solomon Sir Jones took me there. Back to a day when orderly and well dress black men led their families by example – is slowly eroding away. Today we see men dating men and women marrying other women. Today we see less and less black men standing up for one another. Where have all the soldiers gone?

Today many black women believe yak-hair is the stairway to beauty. Where have all the flowers gone, a long time passing. Sad, I know. Anyway, listen to Earth Wind & Fires you-tube clip while watching Solomon's historical black images. I believe it might take you somewhere. youtube(dot)com/watch?v=z6-URX6jMp4

Laura

Glad to know that our history was recorded.

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