There’s quite the slate of LGBT films heading to theaters in the next couple months, from 5 films during the month of August to "The Skeleton Twins," "Lilting" and "The Imitation Game" soon after. But while we certainly hope they all prove exceptions, the odds are against them managing to make much of a dent in the box office. Only seven films with lead LGBT characters have grossed over $1 million in North American since 2010: "Farewell My Queen," "Kill Your Darlings," "I’m So Excited,"The Kids Are All Right," "La Mission" and "I Love You, Phillip Morris." One could arguably also include "The Perks of Being a Wallflower," "Dallas Buyers Club," "Your Sister’s Sister" and "Beginners," though in all four cases the LGBT characters (played by Ezra Miller, Jared Leto, Rosemarie DeWitt and Christopher Plummer, respectively) are supporting a heterosexual lead. Even so, if you did include them that’s still only 10 films in four and a half years where well over 1,200 films crossed the $1 million mark — most of them just barely.
like "Stranger By The Lake," "C.O.G.," "Concussion," "Keep The Lights On," "How To Survive a Plague," "Pariah," "Weekend," "In The Family," "Laurence Anyways," "We Were Here,"
"Circumstance" and "Gayby," you ask? None of them hit that mark. In fact, only one of them — "Pariah" — even grossed $500,000.
These numbers are all the more striking when you look at what came before them. In the 1990s, 48 films with a lead LGBT character grossed over $1 million at the box office. In the 2000s, 20 did. If we continue at this rate, the 2010s should end up with around 15.
More over, the amount the movies are making has been greatly reduced. Just look at these charts for the North American grosses of films with LGBT leads:
Top Grossing Films With Lead LGBT Character (1990-1999)
1. The Birdcage (1996) –
2. The Talented Mr. Ripley (1999) – $81,298,265
3. Philadelphia (1993) – $77,446,440
4. In & Out (1996) – $63,856,929
5. To Wong Foo (1995) – $36,474,193
6. The Object of My Affection (1998) – $29,187,243
7. Midnight in the Garden of Good & Evil (1997) – $25,105,255
1. Brokeback Mountain (2005) – $83,043,761
2. Bruno (2009) – $60,054,530
3. The Hours (2002) – $41,675,994
4. Monster (2003) – $34,469,210
5. Milk (2008) – $31,841,299
6. Rent (2005) – $29,077,547
7. Capote (2005) – $28,750,530
1. The Kids Are All Right (2010) – $20,811,365
2. Blue is the Warmest Color (2013) – $2,199,787
3. I Love You, Phillip Morris (2010) – $2,037,459
4. Farewell My Queen (2012) – $1,347,990
5. I’m So Excited (2013) – $$1,368,119
6. La Mission (2010) – $1,062,940
7. Kill Your Darlings (2014) – $1,030,064
It’s already clear that the 2010s will be remembered as a benchmark decade for the legal rights of queer folks in the United States, but for some reason financial success — even on a very minor level — is a rarity when it comes to queer folks in the movies. So what gives, exactly? On the next page are five potential explanations being tossed around, some of which seem to definitely be contributing to the issue. Others, not so much.
1. There’s just not as much of a need for these films anymore. Definitely not the case. While it’s true that since the 1990s considerable progress has been made in the LGBT rights movement, it has clearly not reached anything close to an optimal situation free of homophobia. But even if it had, it’s not like films exist solely to push social movements. When is there ever not a need to see oneself represented in film?
2. There are less LGBT films being made, so there will clearly be less of them grossing $1 million. If you look at the programs for LGBT-focused film festivals like Outfest, Frameline or Inside Out, it’s clear this is not the case. Frameline for example had nearly submissions this past year, and screened over 100 of them. How many of them end up getting distribution is the true issue here. It’s optimistic to suggest much more than 10 features that screened at that fest or any LGBT film fest will receive distribution deals, and of those few will reach more than a handful of screens nationwide. So it’s really more that there are less LGBT films being released than it is there’s less of them being made.
3. There are less marketable LGBT films being made. There’s definitely a bit of truth to this. Clearly "Pariah" or "Weekend" or "Stranger By The Lake" don’t have the same mass appeal as "The Birdcage" or "In & Out." But whose fault is that? The wide-release, studio-made
films with lead LGBT characters that were released in the 1990s simply aren’t being made anymore. The last
film with a primary LGBT character to reach 1,000 screens was "Bruno" (a film many consider a bit questionable in its representation) in
2009, and before that it was "Brokeback Mountain" in early 2006. Studios simply aren’t touching films with lead LGBT characters anymore. And without studios behind them, it’s harder to get marketable stars or the prints & advertising necessary to even try and rake in "Birdcage" dollars.
4. All the good LGBT representation is on TV. Steven Soderbergh notably said last year that he made "Behind The Candelabra" for HBO because it was "too gay" for Hollywood. But it certainly wasn’t too gay for TV, which has far exceeded film as of late when it comes to LGBT representation, both in terms of quality and quantity. "Orange Is The New Black," "Looking," "Please Like Me," "The Normal Heart," "Pretty Little Liars," "Brooklyn Nine-Nine"… We could go on. A study by GLAAD noted 4.4% of scripted television’s series regulars represented LGBT characters, which is great-ish news. But that isn’t a reason why film shouldn’t be doing the same. If anything, the success of so many television shows with LGBT characters should suggest there’s just as much potential in film.
5. The market has simply changed. Here’s where the most significant answer lies, and it very much encompasses the last 4 explanations as well. The economic world of film is vastly different in 2014 than it was in 1994 or 2004. Back in the 1990s, studios were making the kind of mid-budget films in which "Philadelphia," "In & Out, "The Birdcage" and "To Wong Foo" encompass. Then in the 2000s when studios all had started specialty divisions (like Universal’s Focus Features and Fox’s Fox Searchlight), LGBT content seemed to be delegated there with smaller budgets (like with "Brokeback Mountain," "Kinsey," "Milk," and "Capote"). Nowadays, even those kind of $15-$20 million budgeted LGBT films are rare.
But smaller LGBT films — films comparable to "Weekend" or "Gayby" or "Keep The Lights On" — existed back in the 1990s too. Films like "Trick" or "Bound" or "Jeffrey" or "Go Fish." And those films all made over $2 million (or more like $4 million if you adjust for inflation), as did dozens more of their size. So why do smaller LGBT films these days struggle to hit $500,000? Yes, in part because a lot of them seem to be making more of their money on VOD or digital platforms than in theaters ("Weekend" being a prime example). But that isn’t enough of a reason for me, and it shouldn’t be for you either. It’s lazy. There have been 109 films released in North America to gross over $1 million so far in 2014. Not one featured a lead LGBT character. Not one. People are still going to see movies, and it’s up to the many among them that are not straight to take up opportunities to go see themselves represented on the big screen when they can. So when "The Skeleton Twins" and "Love is Strange" and "To Be Takei" and "Lilting" and "The Dog" and "The Imitation Game" hit theaters later this year, go see them. In theaters.