Shot over a whopping four months in Paris, as Farhadi revealed during the film's press conference following the screening, "The Past" centers on Ahmad (Ali Mosaffa), who after returning to Paris from Tehran in order to finalize his divorce to Marie ("The Artist" star Berenice Bejo), discovers all is not well at home with his soon to be ex and her daughter (Pauline Burlet). In trying to bring the two together, Ahmad uncovers a secret from the past that could threaten to keep the pair at odds for life.
For Farhadi, this marks his first project made outside of his native Iran, where he's made a worldwide name for himself, despite the country's strict censorship laws that have crippled so many filmmakers' careers. Asked whether he felt free making a film in France, he said, "There are two kinds of censorships. You have censorship like there is in Iran and then you have a far more dangerous censorship, which is of the self. Your own inner censorship may spring from social, economic, financial situations. When I leave my country, the restrictions specific to Iranian cinema no longer apply to me. I have my own censorships that I can't control; my personality has already been shaped."
"When I work in a different context this shadow of restrictions placed on me kind of disappears," he continued. "I can't say that I suddenly feel liberated or freer. I have assimilated a lot of these restrictions and I see them as an asset. I try to find a source of creation out of the situation."
"He's like a choreographer," Bejo said of Farhadi. "He picks up the screenplay, gives us exact positions and then we act. It sounds very strict, but we have a clear cut path as through we are the interpreters. He decides on all the details and I just love that."
Following "A Separation," Farhadi revealed that he was fielded with a number of promising North American projects seeking a director for hire. "I was forced to make a decision," he said. "When I was offered a proposal when a screenplay was already written, I had to ask myself, 'Do I want to be a technician?' I realized I didn't wan to work in that way. I wanted to give rise to the project myself."
But don't count him out on ever working in America. "If one day I wanted a story to take place in the U.S., then I would write it and shoot it there," he said. "Hollywood is a mixed bag but there are good things and bad things there. I just wait for the stories to well up in my mind."