Before delving into the Sisyphean task of putting together the 100 theater roadshow and some of the problems with individual 70mm screenings you’ve been reading about, it’s important to first remember that while the ability to shoot on film might have recently come back from near death, the battle between digital and film projection has been over for awhile now. Even at the prestigious, filmmaker-friendly New York Film Festival -- whose state of the art facilities are the rare venues still capable of screening 35mm -- movies that were shot on celluloid, like "Carol," "Bridge of Spies" and "Listen Up Philip," have screened digitally (DCP). Recently, only "Inherent Vice" screened there in 35mm and that was big deal.
So the idea of a three-hour 70mm film, shot in Ultra Panavision -- a format for which hasn’t been used since 1964 and has an unruly 2.76:1 aspect ratio -- screening four to five times a day in 100 different commercial theaters that ripped out their 35mm projectors years ago? Ridiculous. Yet that’s what Boston Light and Sound, a speciality projection and sound company, was tasked with early this year when they were approached by The Weinstein Company about "The Hateful Eight" roadshow.
The parameters of this project are nuts," explained Matt Jones, a curator of the Moving Image at the Moving Image Archives at the UNC School of the Arts, who is currently a roadshow projectionist at the AMC Potomac Mills 18 in Virginia. "They don't make parts anymore, there is practically no industry left for film projection. So it's a minor miracle they got it all pulled together in the first place. This is my first time working with BL&S, and I am truly astounded by their expertise and how game they are for all of it. It's a company of techs and engineers, so it must have killed them how quickly this had to move. But between the technical feat itself, the negotiations with 100 disparate venues, and dealing with a Hollywood studio and its timetable everything, has had to pull together fast."
Added BS&L’s co-founder Chapin Cutler, "By any metric, this project should never have come off as it has."
The project began with a nationwide search for 70mm equipment that had been abandoned or destroyed. Because there were not enough working or complete projectors and backup parts, BL&S had to design and manufacture 125 different parts, including gears, shafts, sprockets and rollers. They would also have to manufacture two different anamorphic lenses that could widen the image to accommodate Ultra Panavision’s extremely wide aspect ratio, develop kits that allowed old 35mm platters to handle the extra weight of a 3-hour-and-20-minute 70mm print, and locate and refurbish DTS playback systems to properly play the film’s sound. Oh, and so as to not burden DCP theaters that ripped out their film projectors years ago, all of this would need to be designed as a plug-and-play kit that could be shipped and quickly assembled in projection booths around the country.
To give you a sense of just how vast this undertaking was, watch this three minute tour of all the once obsolete equipment that needed to be found, restored and retrofitted for the roadshow.
The ProjectionistsPossibly the hardest job in pulling off the roadshow has fallen on the projectionists. To man 100 booths, BL&S scoured the country for the best possible candidates, reaching out to film festivals and cinema archives, training current projectionists, asking their own technicians to step into the position when necessary, and pulling celluloid projectionists out of retirement.
The reality is that, while BL&S did an amazing job building the 70mm projection system in time for the roadshow, the projectionists needed even more time to prep for the cobbled together machines. Scott DuVall, projecting "The Hateful Eight" at the AMC Southlake 24 in Morrow, Georgia, told Indiewire, "With the way some of these theaters have been outfitted and, for a lack of a better word, Frankenstein'd together, every venue is a minefield of potential issues to overcome."
"The technician assigned to the venues in Florida told me that when he used to work for a large theatre chain setting up projectors, they would spend a month testing and working out kinks before it was ready for showing," explained Noelle Alemán, a roadshow projectionist stationed at the Regal Kendal Village Stadium 16 in Miami.
"Many of these projectors are practically antiques, the platter systems were never intended to support the weight and size of 70mm," wrote Adam Witner, in an article for Indiewire about his experience projecting for the roadshow. "Dozens of tiny mechanical failures are bound to happen, and part of our job is to make sure small issues don’t propagate into catastrophes."
Alemán told Indiewire about one of her close calls: "[It was] the last 20 minutes of the [show] and the film very nearly fell off of the platter. I caught it in time, but because of how distorted it got, I had to hand-feed the film through the rollers for the last 20 minutes. Let me tell you, that was the most nerve-wracking and agonizing 20 minutes of my life."
For this article, Indiewire talked to seven different "Hateful Eight" projectionists and all of them told the same story: for every one problem that interferes with one of the roadshow screenings, there are nine near catastrophes they are able to prevent. It's intense and grueling work.Roadshow projectionists screening the movie four times a day are working 16-hour shifts, while five shows a day means a 20-hour shift, all without a day off for 14 straight days. They are sleep deprived, hungry and most are stationed in a strange city away from their families for Christmas and New Years. What's developed though is a support network amongst the projectionist, who stay in constant contact over their smart phones, lending technical and emotional support.
"I can tell you in all of my years I've never worked with a more talented and dedicated group of people," wrote Cinemark Paradise 24 projectionist Jason Garnett in an email to Indiewire. "What we're pulling off is nothing short of a miracle. It's cinematic history and I know everyone loves being a part of it." And that's what really binds the BL&S employees and their projectionists together more than anything: they are all cinephiles, just as passionate about film being projected as Quentin Tarantino himself.
Wrote projectionist Matt Jones:
"I've seen this print 22 times so far. There is no question it's light years better looking than the DCP. The digital files is flat, dull by comparison. And I've had shows that simply couldn't have gone better, but I've also had to stop a few times to work on something, and I'm sure I've disappointed a couple audiences in the process. But what we're doing here is allowing audiences to see what we've lost as a society. It's a glimpse into how things were, and all the effort is worth it when you talk to someone who truly experienced something different than what they've become used to. The excitement is palpable!"
"I'm not naive enough to think we can turn the clock back on an entire industry, but it is my fervent hope that we are engaging our audiences not only with watching film, but that we are opening some eyes to how far the industry has drifted from how it began and thrived for the better part of a century, and maybe even make them consider if that has been for the better or not. We're demonstrating that film is not dead, that there are still true believers ready to rage against the dying of the light!"
As for the problems themselves, most projectionists, with the support of BL&S's 22 roving technicians, feel as if the worst is behind them. They also believe that the problems have been overblown: "Our failed show ratio is way below 1% when you add them all up," reports BL&S's Chapin. "It is unfortunate that they happened. But, as with modern technology, occasional problems do occur. They can’t be avoided."
"No one has done this before, certainly to this extent, by most measures, it has been a success," he concludes. "We have learned from it, and if given the opportunity again, will certainly improve our track record. But, given the response, including audience members waving at the projectionist when they leave the theatre, I believe that Mr. Tarantino and The Weinstein Company have provided an experience many will remember for a very long time."