Eighty-four year old Senegalese filmmaker and writer Ousmane Sembene died at home in Dakar, Senegal, according to his family. In a New York Times obituary, A.O. Scott writes, "Widely seen as the father of African cinema, Mr. Sembene took up filmmaking in the 1960s, in part because he believed that film could reach a wider and more diverse African audience than literature. 'Black Girl' (1965), his debut feature, is commonly referred to as the first African film. Combining realistic narrative techniques with elements of traditional African storytelling, it tells of a young woman named Diouana who commits suicide after traveling to Europe with her French employers."