When it launched in 1984, A&E was called The Arts & Entertainment Network and aired the type of performing arts, British mysteries and doc programming previously reserved for PBS. The channel quickly became known by its current label and as the home of "Biography," a series so successful that in 1999 it was spun off into its own separate cable channel. A&E's first forays into scripted programming started in the mid-'90s with a focus on movies and miniseries, among them two original drama series in 2001 -- "A Nero Wolfe Mystery" and Sidney Lumet's "100 Centre Street" – each which lasted just two seasons.
Along the way, A&E dropped its longer name as well as most of its "arts" programming, and in 2002 began to focus on reality programming, its lineup dominated by shows like "The First 48" and "Intervention" as well as character-driven series like "Dog the Bounty Hunter" and "Gene Simmons Family Jewels." More recently, "Duck Dynasty", has become a singular (and, to some, bewildering) phenomenon, its August fourth season premiere attracted nearly 12 million viewers, making it the most-watched unscripted series telecast in cable history.
"Bates Motel" and "Longmire" -- returning in 2014 for their second and third seasons, respectively – have given A&E its first two bonafide hits since it has returned its attention to scripted series. Joining them next year is Glen Morgan's ("The X-Files") "Those Who Kill," starring Chloe Sevigny and James D'Arcy, with a pilot directed by Joe Carnahan. A&E's also developing an American version of the French series "The Returned," which is currently airing on Sundance Channel. Plus, on Dec. 8 and 9, A&E will join its A+E Networks siblings History and Lifetime in simulcasting a new version of "Bonnie & Clyde," directed by Bruce Beresford ("Driving Miss Daisy") and starring Emile Hirsh and Holliday Grainger as the notorious couple.
David McKillop has overseen A&E's programming since 2011, when he transitioned from History where he was SVP of Development and Programming. He was named EVP and General Manager of A&E in June of this year. McKillop joined History after several years at Discovery Networks. In the sixth of a regular series of interviews with network heads, Indiewire spoke with McKillop about where scripted series fit into A&E's programming slate, his appreciation (and preference) for binge viewing and the differences between scripted and unscripted storytelling.
How do you feel the expectations of TV audiences have changed over the past five to 20 years, and how does A&E's original programming -- especially your scripted series -- fulfill those expectations?
Audiences have become incredibly sophisticated. If you watch some older series, you realize how simple the story structures and plotlines are. Going back 30 years, usually there was probably one single element that carried through the story. But today with our highly serialized series, there could be five, six, seven consecutive storylines that are being checker-boarded over the course of the whole series.
With that in mind, can you describe the characteristics that define an A&E scripted series?
A&E as a brand has traditionally had highly entertaining shows that are slightly smarter. We're in a golden age of drama on cable television, and many networks are coming out with much smarter television. Audiences are really digging that, and that's where we're going as well by working with someone like [executive producer] Carlton [Cuse] on "Bates Motel," and crafting a drama that's both suspenseful and highly entertaining yet also has a sense of sophistication to it.
We have to be really innovative, because with so many dramas on cable, you have to work hard to get an audience, and the most important way to lure that audience is to try something new and different. Right now we're seeing antiheroes and highly serialized programs, but as a developer and a programmer, I've got to keep my eye on what's the next thing.
Since you mentioned antiheroes and "Bates Motel," do you see the young Norman Bates filling that antihero role?
No, I see Norman more as a sympathetic kid who has demons, but everybody wants him to succeed. The great thing about the show is that we know where it ends, so you're almost rooting for Norman not to end up where we think he ends up. I think Norma is maybe more of an anti-hero, especially the way that Vera [Farmiga] plays her. She is one of the most talented actresses out there, and she's created this persona who's just trying desperately to be a great mother but can't get it right.
More frequently, we're seeing people from outside the world of television -- filmmakers, playwrights, longform journalists, radio producers -- developing series. What is A&E's approach to seeking out new voices for your scripted projects?
The thing I love about cable television is that from its inception it's been an experimental place that always breaks the rules. A lot of people are gravitating to cable because all the networks, A&E included, open our arms to the creative process. We're very good creative partners, and I think that's what's attracting this diversity of talent. We offer a lot of creative involvement, and we don't wear blinders or have too many filters. We're open to new ideas and new approaches. Especially at A&E, we are open to all kinds of partnerships to create content.
How do you see television and these highly serialized stories continuing to evolve and challenge formal boundaries over the next few years, and what is A&E's role in that changing landscape? Do you see yourself continuing with the occasional two-part miniseries or branching into limited series?
I see A&E moving into primarily 10-episode seasonal arcs. I don't see us doing a lot of one-offs, of movies or two-part special events anymore. I believe we'll do about three [scripted] series a year. While reality is our "meat-and-potatoes," so to speak, it allows us to take some chances and be more experimental on the scripted side.
I would like to focus creative talent and dollars on series like "Bates Motel," which is 10 episodes. If you look at "Longmire," while it has a closed-ended procedural essence to it, it's actually getting more-and-more serialized, and as season three comes on, we're very excited to carry some of the threads over from seasons one and two; with Walt and the murder of his wife, etc. So format-wise, we're pretty set right now looking at ongoing series in the 10-to-13 episode model.
"The Glades" was primarily a single-episode procedural; "Longmire" seems to be shifting from stand-along procedural to more serialized storytelling; "Bates Motel" had a definitive primary season-long arc. Does this indicate a progression for A&E towards serialized storytelling, or are you looking at whatever format best serves each series?
Right now it's about whatever serves each show. "Bates Motel" is one of my favorite programs that I've ever had the opportunity to work on, and it's highly serialized. However, we have "Those Who Kill" coming up with Chloë Sevigny, and it has heavy serialized elements, but at the same time, it's maybe a bit more of a hybrid. It's probably more serialized than "Longmire," but less so than "Bates." So I think you have to take each project and tweak it to what creatively benefits that particular show.
You spoke of keeping to "primarily 10-episode season arcs," and the next seasons for "Longmire" and "Bates Motel" will both be 10. Why do you see that number as the best option for your scripted series?
Carlton Cuse and I were talking about this, and we both agreed that 10 is the magical number for writing a compelling series arc. Also, the production schedules are easier to manage; we can schedule them in a different way. I think creatively, it's just about the right amount of time and effort you want to put into a series. Audiences can digest and binge on 10. It's just a good number.
It's good to enable binging.
I'm a binge viewer. I wait until a series is done, and then I binge it over a weekend or two.
In almost all cases?
Almost all cases. I mean, I watched the last batch of "Breaking Bad" -- one of my favorite shows on television. I did watch that live, up until the end, because it had the sense of an event that I wanted to be a part of it. But outside of that, I tend to catch-up on my series on weekends and on airplanes.
Obviously, a large number of viewers are also doing that, but what are your thoughts on the value of the live event, considering how you just described the final stretch of "Breaking Bad"? And how do you feel binging through sites like Netflix is affecting the larger business?
There's always something important about events; that's the beauty of sports on television, right? Football is the perfect example. Every Sunday is an event that you can talk about. So I think that when you have the opportunity to create an event like the finale of a show like "Breaking Bad," that's fantastic.
Then again, in terms of Netflix, we're going to have to work that out. Stacking up your complete series before the next season premieres helps drive impressions for us, but others claim that it devalues the product further down the line. I think we'll work it out because in the end it's probably going to be a win-win, but it's an interesting debate.
You said that reality is your "meat-and-potatoes." You and your A+E Networks sibling channels are arguably the leader in such programming, certainly in terms of audience, so why this push into scripted series? When you transitioned to A&E, was this scripted series expansion a major goal?
Scripted series are a fairly minor portion of the total hours of television that we produce, but they're very important to the brand. They're very important in terms of ad sales; they bring a luster to the network. So when I came to A&E, I wanted to take this limited amount of scripted that we have, but create it to be brand specific, so when people look at our series, they can say, "That scripted show; that belongs on A&E."
I think "Bates Motel" is a great example: the first project out of the box that was part of this plan. We attracted phenomenal talent from both Carlton and Vera and Freddie Highmore; we've got great writers like Kerry Ehrin. It's a very impressive series, and it feels like A&E. So that's my goal: To really make sure that everything we produce can be solidly looked at as part of the A&E brand.
So you see your scripted series as natural extensions for the audience that comes to you for "Duck Dynasty" and "Storage Wars"? What do you think are the similarities between your unscripted and scripted shows?
Absolutely. Audiences at this point just want to be entertained, and A&E is here to entertain the world. In terms of the similarities, all of our shows are entertaining. I also believe that audiences are less concerned about the lines being blurred between scripted and reality. There are scripted shows that are being made to look like reality shows and reality shows made to look like scripted, and audiences are not complaining about that. I think all they really want is good storytelling and great entertainment.
For a long time A&E focused on more serious documentary-like programming, with true crime and psychologically oriented shows such as "The First 48" or "Intervention." Now, the bulk of your programming focuses on lighter, more character-driven and pure entertainment tone. Have those shows simply run their course, or was this a larger deliberate shift?
There was absolutely a deliberate move. Part of the success A&E has had in terms of 10 years of continuing growth is that we're able to be about 18 months ahead of trends. While those shows -- "Intervention," "Hoarders," "Dog the Bounty Hunter" -- were all integral to building the network, people's attitudes towards entertainment are changing, and we're just keeping ahead of that wave.