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The 13 Best Sports Documentaries

Photo of Brandon Latham By Brandon Latham | Indiewire August 13, 2014 at 10:25AM

Today's TWC pick, "We Could Be King," offers an honest look at the gritty world of high school football in lower income communities. When an economic crisis hits Philadelphia, two rival high schools are combined, forcing their teams into one. Check it out ON Demand and take a peak at our list of favorite sports documentaries below.
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We Could Be King


[Editor's Note: This post is presented in partnership with Time Warner Cable Movies On Demand in support of Indie Film Month. Today's sports-centric pick, “We Could Be King,” is now available On Demand]

"Bannister: Everest on the Track" (2014)

Equal parts a focus on the man, his triumph and his nation, "Bannister" is beloved by sports fans and history buffs alike as it places the great miler's amazing feat -- becoming the first man ever to run a mile under four minutes -- into a post World War II cultural context. Funded on Kickstarter, this documentary arrived in time to celebrate the 60th anniversary of Bannister's historic run at the Iffley Road Track. About half as many people have broken the hallowed four minute barrier since Bannister first did than have climbed to the summit of Mount Everest. Narrated by athletics commentator Jonathan Blackledge and directed by Jeremy Mosher, "Bannister" includes interviews from legendary athletes John Landy, Sebastian Coe and Steve Cram as well as writer David Epstein and of course Bannister himself.

"Dogtown & Z-Boys" (2001)

Now fully embraced by the sporting world, there was a time when "extreme sports" were cast off as only the frivolity of west coast bums. That was until the Zephyr Surf Team, or Z-boys, extended surfing culture from oceans to swimming pools, and changed skateboard culture forever. Winning the Audience Award and top documentary director honors at Sundance, this Sean Penn narrated gem has had as profound an impact on skateboarding by re-popularizing it as its subjects had in bringing in to the mainstream decades ago. Stacy Peralta helmed this project, which expertly combines contemporary interviews with archival footage from the height of the Z-boys reign.

"The Endless Summer" (1966)

The Endless Summer photo

This iconic, highly influential work of documentary filmmaking follows two surfers around the globe on a quest for the perfect wave. Less about sport, per se, than about these intriguing characters and the one-of-a-kind subculture they inhabit, "The Endless Summer" has become one of the most revered works of its time and its impact is still seen on surf culture as well as contemporary documentaries. It is the seminal surfing picture because of how well it presents a then fringe community. Often trivialized as a side detail to beach culture or teen films in narrative, documentaries have long done a better job of representing surfing, especially this landmark work by Bruce Brown.

"Hoop Dreams" (1994)

"'Hoop Dreams,' is not only a documentary. It is also poetry and prose, muckraking and expose, journalism and polemic. It is one of the great moviegoing experiences of my lifetime." So proclaimed Roger Ebert in his initial piece on the film, which he later called the best movie of the 1990s. Steve James' masterpiece is the result of embedding himself and his crew for six years with two inner-city Chicago kids with big dreams of playing in the NBA. The boys, William Gates and Arthur Agee, are more than the cast of the film, they are its soul. The documentary is a portrait of the high pressure world of high-level amateur athletics, and of the struggle of adolescence in the lower class. This is the film whose snub from the Oscar Best Documentary race resulted in the Academy revising its nomination process, so let that speak for itself.

"Larry Bird: A Basketball Legend" (1992)

"If you were to create the perfect basketball fable," proposes this film, "it might begin in a small town in Indiana." Released at a time when Michael Jordan was the most dominant and famous athlete in the world, and the basketball community was getting ready -- whether it knew it or not -- for the impending arrival of stars like Kobe Bryant and Allen Iverson to usher in the sport's hip-hop era, "Larry Bird: A Basketball Legend" looks back at how a simple yet troubled rural American upbringing created one of the most celebrated champions in the history of the sport. 

"The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg" (1998)

Aviva Kempner's "The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg"
Hulu Aviva Kempner's "The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg"

The highly celebrated documentary by Aviva Kempner is truly about exactly what it advertizes: not only the historic first baseman himself, but the times that made him. Hank Greenberg was baseball's first major Jewish star, once hitting 58 home runs in a single season, which was most ever at the time behind Babe Ruth's 60. His stardom fell in the 1930s and '40s, baseball's most romanticized era, at which time America truly was universally in love with the game. It is a celebration of Greenberg and his career, but with a complimentary tip of the cap to baseball and to American life in general at the time. 

"Linsanity" (2013)

A Sundance hit, "Linsanity" and its production are a case in filmmaking serendipity. Evan Leong began filming with Jeremy Lin during Lin's collegiate years at Harvard for a documentary on racism against Asian Americans, following the basketball star through his All-Ivy League season and his early struggles trying to break into the NBA. Then, on February 4th Lin scored 25 points in his first game with significant playing time, beginning an incredible streak that the sports media dubbed "Linsanity." The name stuck. "Linsanity" is an immersive picture, that explores everything from Christianity in the Asian American community to surviving the NBA Development League.

"9 Innings from Ground Zero" (2005)

From HBO, this emotional documentary displays one of the pivotal ways a grieving nation attempted to bounce back after 9/11. Grantland's Bill Simmons wrote last year, "You always hear that tragedies put sports in perspective, that they prove we shouldn't care this much about the successes and failures of a bunch of wealthy strangers. I'm going the other way — sometimes, sports put everything else in perspective. Our favorite teams bring people together, keep family members close, bond people from different generations." "9 Innings from Ground Zero," about the return of World Series baseball to Yankee Stadium only a month after New York's darkest moment, is an opus on the healing power of sports.

"Once in a Lifetime: The Extraordinary Story of the New York Cosmos" (2006)

Despite not being able to interview iconic soccer star Pelé, directors Paul Crowder (who also served as the editor of "Dogtown and Z-Boys") and John Dower created a wildly entertaining portrait of the team that began the steadily ongoing surge of soccer in the United States. In 1975, Pelé returned from his retirement to join the Cosmos of the North American Soccer League after spending his most dynamic years in native Brazil, launching awareness and interest in the sport that made the Cosmos star figures in New York City. As the tag line reads, "Goals. Greed. Girls. And that's just the first half."

"Senna" (2010)

Senna

A Sundance hit and BAFTA winner for Best Documentary and Editing, "Senna" makes a case that drivers are athletes, emphasizing the man behind the wheel and his unmatched ambition. A close look at the racing scene of Senna's time reveals a degree of risk, pressure and stardom that has faded today, and that environment created excellent stars (see Ron Howard's narrative film "Rush" for the story of two others). Directed by Asif Kapadia, "Senna" is an intimate and glorifying portrait of the three-time world champion through his tragic death at age 34.

"Undefeated" (2012)

Similar in plot to "We Could Be King," this chronicle of an unlikely group of winners from an inner city high school football team took home top documentary honors at the Academy Awards. The sort of story that would be lauded as too perfect, hard to believe if it were fiction, "Undefeated" is an inspirational journey with a coach and his athletes and a study in what high school football can mean to a Tennessee community. With a cast of characters headlined by coach Bill Courtney and closely paying mind to three of his players, "Undefeated" is the product of about 500 hours of footage trimmed down to an Oscar-worthy product.

"Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson" (2004)

Ken Burns is a master of historical documentary. His 20-hour epic series "Baseball" may be the most important and accessible presentation of the history of the American game, but "Unforgivable Blackness" with its relative brevity and rich story is an equally triumphant tribute to the great boxer. This biography serves to present more than just Johnson the boxer, but also Johnson the symbol of a time when, according to the Emmy winning movie, "Black Americans were no longer enslaved, but not yet truly free... Jack Johnson insisted on being free." Featuring the voice talents of Keith David and Samuel L. Jackson, the film displays Burns's unique style and tells preserves an American icon.

"When We Were Kings" (1996)

Another Best Documentary Oscar winner, "When We Were Kings" captures nostalgic recollections of some of boxing's aging superstars who reigned at a time when the sport was at its popular peak. Focusing on the famed "Rumble in the Jungle" heavyweight title match between George Foreman and Muhammad Ali in Zaire in 1974, Leon Gast's Oscar winner has been hailed as as effective a representation of its unique time and place as it is about the specific event. 

Indiewire has partnered with Time Warner Cable Movies On Demand to kick off Indie Film Month. Enjoy exceptionally creative and uniquely entertaining new Indie releases ("Under the Skin," "The Congress," "The Trip to Italy," and more) along with classic, Throwback Thursday indie titles ("Swingers," "Black Swan," and more) - all month long on Time Warner Cable Movies On Demand. Go HERE daily for movie reviews, interviews, and exclusive footage of the suggested TWC movie of the day and catch the best Indie titles on TWC Movies On Demand.

This article is related to: TWC Indie Film Month, Sports Films, Documentary, Documentary, We Could Be King, We Could Be King