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Duch, Master of the Forges of Hell

Between 1975 and 1979, the Khmer Rouge regime caused the death of some 1.8 million people, representing one-quarter of the population of Cambodia. Kaing Guek Eav, better known as Duch, was in charge at M13, a Khmer Rouge-controlled prison, for four years before being appointed by the Angkar (“the Organisation”, a faceless and omnipresent entity which reigned unopposed over the destiny of an entire people) to the S21 centre in Phnom Penh. As party secretary at S21, he commanded from 1975 to 1979 the Khmer Rouge killing machine in which at least 12,380 people perished, according to the remaining archives. But how many others disappeared, “crushed and reduced to dust”, with no trace of them ever being found? In 2009, Kaing Guek Eav aka Duch became the first leader of the Khmer Rouge organisation to be brought before an international criminal justice court.

Duch reveals here how he considers that he fully carried out his mission, and the reasons which led him to command M13 and then S21:
– His faith in the ideology of the Angkar
– His obsession with work well done, his cult of hierarchy and his eagerness to gain the approval of his superiors.
– His passion for power, discipline and organisation.
– His talents as a teacher, eager to train perfect workmen to carry out of a collective and silent crime.
– His instinct for survival, his regrets, and his fear of death.
Rithy Panh records his unadorned words, without any trimmings, in the isolation of a face-to-face encounter. At the same time, he sets it into perspective with archive pictures and eye-witness accounts of survivors. As the narrative unfolds, the infernal machine of a system of destruction of humanity implacably emerges, through a manic description of the minutiae of its mechanisms. [Synopsis courtesy of Cannes Film Festival]