Lars von Trier’s “less is more” school of filmmaking, cofounded by Thomas Vinterberg, sought to break down to the medium to its most essential elements. They launched the movement with von Trier’s “The Idiots” and Vinterberg’s “The Celebration” in 1998, inspiring a generation of filmmakers to also try and do more with less, including Harmony Korine and Susanne Bier. Von Trier, like all practitioners of Dogme 95, started to bend the rules here and there, and then the manifesto became history — though its spirit lives on in “Dogville,” “Melancholia” and “Nymphomaniac.”
Watch as he explains, while making “The Idiots,” the collective’s ten rules, which are:
1. Shooting must be done on location. Props and sets must not be brought in.
2. The sound must never be produced apart from the image or vice-versa.
3. The camera must be handheld. Any movement or mobility attainable in the hand is permitted.
4. The film must be in colour. Special lighting is not acceptable.
5. Optical work and filters are forbidden.
6. The film must not contain superficial action.
7. Temporal and geographical alienation are forbidden.
8. Genre movies are not acceptable.
9. The film format must be Academy 35mm.
10. The director must not be credited.
(Via The Film Stage)